What is Magento?
Released for public use in 2007, Magento was an open-source ecommerce platform written in PHP and available to download for free. Developers could download the software, implement their own modules, and build upon the functionality.
Historically, Magento offered the free Magento Community edition and the Enterprise edition, a paid version of the platform that came loaded with features and functionality out-of-the-box.
Magento was an on-premise product before they launched Magento Commerce Cloud in 2016.
After Adobe acquired Magento, Magento Community became Magento Open Source, and Magento Enterprise became Adobe Commerce. Merchants and developers can still use Magento Open Source to self-host and customize their ecommerce solutions.